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Direct photon elliptic flow in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The elliptic flow of inclusive and direct photons was measured at mid-rapidity in two centrality classes 0-20% and 20-40% in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ =2.76 TeV by ALICE. Photons were detected with the highly segmented electromagnetic calorimeter PHOS and via conversions in the detector material with the $e^{+}e^{-}$ pairs reconstructed in the central tracking system. The results of the two methods were combined and the direct photon elliptic flow was extracted in the transverse momentum range $0.9 <~ p_{\rm T} <~ 6.2$ GeV/$c$. We test the hypothesis $v_{2}^{\gamma,\rm{dir}} \equiv 0$ for $0.9 <~ p_{\rm T} <~ 2.1$ GeV/$c$ and obtain a significance of $1.4\sigma$ for the 0-20% class and $1.0\sigma$ for the 20-40% class. A comparison to RHIC data shows a similar magnitude of the measured elliptic flow, while hydrodynamic and transport model calculations predict a smaller flow than observed.

 

Submitted to: PLB
HEP Data
e-Print: arXiv:1805.04403 | PDF | inSPIRE

Figures

Figure 1

Comparison of the measured inclusive photon flow $(\vincg)$to the individual PCM and PHOS measurements $(v_{2}^{\rm \gamma, ind})$ in the 0--20\% (left) and 20--40\% (right) centrality classes. The individual results are divided by the combined $\vincg$. The vertical bars on each data point indicate the statistical uncertainties and the boxes indicate the systematic uncertainties
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[png]   [pdf]   [eps]

Figure 2

Elliptic flow of decay photons from $\pi^{0}$, $\eta$, $\omega$, and the total cocktail simulation as a function of transverse momentum in the 0--20\% (left) and 20--40\% (right) centrality classes. The band represents the total uncertainty of the total cocktail simulation.
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[png]   [pdf]   [eps]

Figure 3

Elliptic flow of inclusive photons and decay photons, compared to hydrodynamic and transport PHSD model predictions in the 0--20\% (left) and 20--40\% (right) centrality classes. The vertical bars on each data point indicate the statistical uncertainties and the boxes indicate the sizes of the total uncertainties
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[png]   [pdf]   [eps]

Figure 4

Left: Central value (solid red line) and uncertainty of the direct photon $v_2$ for a selected $\pT$ interval. The upper and lower edges of the red shaded area correspond to the total uncertainty of $\vdirg$ as obtained from linear Gaussian propagation of the uncertainties $\sigma(\vincg)$ and $\sigma(\vdecg)$. The Gaussian (with arbitrary normalization) reflects the measured value of $\Rg$ in this $\pT$ interval (blue dashed line) and its $\pm 1\sigma$ uncertainty (dark-blue shaded interval). Right: Posterior distribution of the true value of $\vdirg$ for the same interval in the Bayesian approach Note that the distribution has a non-Gaussian shape, implying that the $\pm$2$\sigma$ interval typically corresponds to a probability of less than 95.45\% as would be the case for a Gaussian
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[png]   [pdf]   [eps]

Figure 5

Elliptic flow of direct photons compared with PHENIX results for the 0--20\% (left) and 20--40\% (right) centrality classes. The vertical bars on each data point indicate the statistical uncertainties and the boxes the total uncertainty
[png]   [pdf]   [eps]
[png]   [pdf]   [eps]

Figure 6

Elliptic flow of direct photons compared to model calculations in the 0--20\% (left) and 20--40\% (right) centrality classes. The vertical bars on each data point indicate the statistical uncertainties and the boxes the total uncertainty
[png]   [pdf]   [eps]
[png]   [pdf]   [eps]